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Offering guidance through the increasingly complex issues of environmental regulation and compliance, our Environmental Practice Group helps clients achieve their business goals without undue interference or delay. We have advised clients on environmental matters since the 1970s, and we now represent companies throughout the Southeast, across the nation, and around the world.

Our clients are engaged in numerous industries, including construction, steel production, textiles, mining, chemicals (including PFAS-related legal needs), electronics, pharmaceuticals, industrial and medical gas production, drum reconditioning, banking, and commercial real estate development. In addition, we provide legal assistance to individuals and governmental entities, such as counties and municipalities.

Each of the past six years, Chambers USA gave our team the highest possible ranking, Band 1, for our practice area in North Carolina. Chambers develops its rankings using in-depth interviews and objective research conducted year-round.

Representative Experience

We advise and counsel our clients on a broad range of environmental matters, including:


  • Issuance of and compliance with environmental permits – We negotiate such permits as Title V and PSD air permits, NPDES wastewater and stormwater permits, wetlands permits, POTW pretreatment permits, public water supply permits, RCRA hazardous waste permits, landfill permits, landfill franchise agreements and others for all sectors of industry.
  • Environmental audits and assessments – We perform and participate in environmental audits and assessments for our clients, report audit findings to agencies under self-disclosure policies and negotiate self-disclosure agreements with the agencies.
  • Generation, storage and disposal of hazardous and solid waste – We advise clients on the federal, state and local regulation of materials and waste management in business.
  • Regulation of underground storage tanks – We advise clients on all aspects of USTs, including installation, operation, maintenance, reporting and cleanup of releases from USTs and eligibility for reimbursement under state UST trust funds.
  • Preparation of environmental policies and regulatory procedures – We prepare policy and procedure manuals and environmental management systems for clients and advise clients on practical compliance with such policies, procedures and systems.
  • Toxic Substances Control Act (TSCA) matters – We advise clients on TSCA matters including enforcement, inventory update rule compliance, premanufacture notification and import/export certification.
  • State and federal inventory and release reporting and cleanup requirements – Many of our clients are required to submit regular Tier II and Form R reports under the federal Emergency Preparedness and Community Right to Know Act (EPCRA) and similar state laws. We advise our clients on routine reporting as well as unexpected spill and release reporting requirements.
  • Assessment and remediation of impacted properties – We work closely with environmental consultants and other professionals to assess and clean up environmentally-impacted properties. This process generally requires coordination with state and local agencies. We work with clients to meet the common goal of protecting the environment, while striking an economic balance beneficial to our clients.


  • Environmental aspects of business transactions – A significant share of our practice concerns issues faced by sellers and purchasers of businesses, real estate lenders and borrowers. We are involved in all aspects of business transactions, including due diligence, risk allocation, permit transfers, environmental assessments, representations and warranties, indemnities, access agreements, remediation agreements and other related environmental aspects. We work closely with our corporate, banking and real estate and commercial development practice groups to provide guidance in these transactions.
  • Brownfield redevelopment and evaluation of risks in property transactions – We have broad experience in negotiating Brownfield agreements and tax incentives in the Carolinas and nationally. Examples of our experience range from recently securing a Brownfield agreement with the state of North Carolina for redevelopment of a large textile mill in Kannapolis to obtaining one of North Carolina's earliest Brownfield agreements, which allowed the development of a Brownfield site in Raleigh into condominiums, offices and a charter high school.
  • Insurance coverage for environmental liabilities or conditions – A recent trend has been for our business clients to consider environmental insurance as an option for resolving risk allocation issues in business transactions. We work with our clients to evaluate environmental insurance and also have prosecuted and defended environmental insurance litigation.
  • Site and project development – We often partner with attorneys in our Business Expansion & Location Solutions Team to provide permitting, zoning, Brownfield and POTW use agreements for clients seeking to move to an existing facility or build a new facility. We also negotiate landfill permits and franchise agreements for municipalities and private party clients.


  • Agency enforcement actions – We regularly defend clients in administrative proceedings before state and federal agencies involving permitting issues, administrative enforcement actions and state and federal multimedia enforcement efforts at targeted industries. We assist clients in responding to notices of violation informally or through more formal administrative proceedings.
  • Environmental litigation – We defend and prosecute complex federal and state court, agency and private party environmental litigation, including insurance-related matters.
  • Superfund/PRP – We advise clients on Potentially Responsible Party status at Superfund sites, including strategies to reduce or eliminate liabilities at such sites and the defense of claims by the EPA and others.
  • Class actions/toxic torts – We defend environmental class actions, mass tort and toxic tort actions and related common law actions such as trespass and nuisance. For example, we are on the cutting edge of helping clients navigate PFAS litigation, including national class action and multidistrict litigation (MDL) defense.

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